Neurosis[i] is a broad term for an abnormal condition of the nervous system. Originally neurosis signified disorders in the functioning of the nervous system that lack obvious physiological cause. Neurotic disorders indicate the existence of an inner injury that is rendered evident by its effects on mentality. The term neurosis is especially appropriate for psychology that deals with the invisible spiritual interior. The simplistic view of psychology to regard individuals as born equal requires that the cause of psychoneurosis is some stressful experience. Fear of castration, for instance, could be the invisible basis of neuroses.
Most generally a neurotic disorder is the inability to adapt, to change and to feel satisfied. Any physical injury damages the corresponding part of the nervous system, causes dissatisfaction, reduces adaptational ability and tends to produce neuroses. The modern definition of neurosis is wider and also includes physically induced dysfunctions of the nervous system. Thus it is normal for the amputation of a limb at an early age to seriously alter mentality and eventually to lead to the formation of a psychological complex.[ii]
An external injury by necessity goes with an internal one. Thus, a physical defect or weakness normally induces a psychological complex that attempts to compensate for it. The psychological compensations for the physical shortcoming have a neurotic character.
Circumcision removes a well-innervated part of the body. It impairs the peripheral nervous system[iii] and renders the corresponding cortical areas idle. Circumcision interferes with the normal functioning of the central nervous system therefore it must cause certain neuroses. Circumcision damages a concrete part of the nervous system, therefore the nervous disorder it causes has physical basis. Circumcision neuroses are the outcome of the persistent still inadequate attempts of the nervous system to offset the lost pleasurable sensitivity.
The inner injury that circumcision inflicts is disproportionally larger relative to the size of the skin it removes because the prepuce is densely populated with receptors. Furthermore, it eradicates the receptors of sexual pleasure and hence deeply affects emotional life. Undoubtedly, the circumcision neuroses can be subjected to strict examination by interdisciplinary sciences such as biopsychology (behavioural neuroscience[iv]) or biological psychopathology.[v] Although the circumcision neuroses must be wide-spread no official scientific research has been done on them hitherto. The few attempts for investigation of the mental impact of circumcision have been suppressed due to allegedly ethical reasons.[vi]
There are no ethical inhibitions in folklore and it exposed the circumcision neuroses long ago in the ethnic stereotypes. Sometimes it even overstated them in a compensatory manner perhaps in order to make them more illustrative. Luckily enough, however, no sponsors have blindfolded our quest for objective truth. So here we are giving out food for interdisciplinary thought.
Both the deprivation of erogenous sensitivity and its apprehension should cause sexual frustrations and neuroses. Neuroses caused by circumcision must relate to those that are attributed to the castration anxiety since sexual frustrations underlie both of them.
- sexual perversions
Freudian psychoanalysis blames castration anxiety for the development of neuroses and sexual perversions. Provided that pedocircumcision induces the castration complex it follows that it also facilitates development of neuroses and sexual perversions peculiar to the castration anxiety.
It is logical that reduction of erogenous sensitivity inclines to stronger sexual stimulation. And this is especially true when the erogenous sensitivity has been already developed at the time of circumcision. The compensations of an erogenous deficiency inevitably have neurotic character irrespective of whether they lead to preoccupation with sexual or spiritual matters. As long as the enhanced stimulation is considered abnormal or leads to unusual means for gratification the circumcision may be considered to induce sexual deviations and perversions. There seems to be a plenty of statistical evidence for this but it is not scientifically verified primarily due to ethical reasons concerning the freedom to choose one’s sexual preferences and orientation. In any case, however, it seems that the desensitisation caused by circumcision increases the attractiveness of masturbation, anal intercourse, oral sex and prostate stimulation to males.[vii][viii] This makes the mental consequences of circumcision fully capable of facilitating the conversion of potential homosexuals and of increasing the prevalence of male homosexuality. Any change of sexual preferences including homosexual conversion due to an erogenous deficiency is by necessity accompanied by neurosis.
Hypersexuality and engagement in various sexual practices are neurotic side-effects of circumcision that run contrary to its original intent. Perhaps in ancient times these changes in sexual behaviour have either been overlooked or have been sacrificed at the altar of religiousness. One way or another the other social gains that the mental effects of circumcision provide for such as docility and cliquishness has been preferred. The ancient religious scripts say that circumcision transforms sex-lust into god-fearing. Obviously, this means it induces sexual neurosis.
- sex discrimination
An inferiority complex[ix] may be compensated by superiority feelings.[x] Likewise, an emotional dissatisfaction stemming from the erogenous deficiency in males may be compensated by male chauvinism, misogyny[xi] and domestic violence. The Circumcision complex is triggered by male erogenous deficiency and tends to bring about discrimination of the female sex. In confirmation polygyny is or has been typical for the circumcising societies. Yet, the rate of male sexism is directly proportional to the rate of circumcision practiced in the different groups.
The behavioural symptoms of the circumcision neuroses that have important social consequences range from conformity, indecisiveness and sheepishness to impulsive, aggressive and compulsive acts. All of them lead to psychological segregation, clannishness and sexism. Note that as a rule the rates of the male sexism, misogyny, polygyny, social segregation, clannishness and violence in different cultures parallel the rate of circumcision.[xii]