The ancient religions deified natural phenomena including those that were synchronized with or influenced by the movement of celestial bodies. Ancients were closer to concrete reality and nature. Their gods were visible and accessible to everyone. Judaism introduced abstract monotheism and rendered god invisible and untouchable. Judaism and later Islam fostered abstract reasoning by enforcing mass paedocircumcision. Abrahamic religions replaced the more or less concrete specialized gods with an unobservable nonconcrete sexually oppressive almighty. This distanced people from nature, from self-knowledge and from their own sexuality.